Alpharetta is a city in north Fulton County, Georgia, United States. According to a 2008 estimate, Alpharetta's population is 65,168. Selected for its location next to a spring, it began as a campground, originally known as New Prospect Camp Ground until late 1858. Officially chartered on December 11 of that year, Alpharetta (supposedly Greek for "first town") served as the county seat of Milton County until the end of 1931 when Milton was merged with Fulton County to avoid bankruptcy during the Great Depression.
Despite its poor start, and being one of the farthest-out large suburbs in metro Atlanta, it now features several mid-rise buildings, which are home to many high-tech companies including Hewlett-Packard, UPS Supply Chain Solutions, RedPrairie, Radiant Systems, Lucent, Nortel, IBM, Sun Microsystems, AT&T, Siemens, Verizon, Verizon Wireless, Alltel, E-Trade, Hansgrohe, General Electric, and ChoicePoint. As of the census of 2000, there were 34,854 people, 13,911 households, and 8,916 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,631.6 people per square mile (630.0/km²). There were 14,670 housing units at an average density of 686.7/sq mi (265.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.9% White, 6.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.1% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.53% of the population. 2.4% of the population is Mixed-Race/Multiracial. The population has been gradually increasing over the last five years.